Red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus) is a sub- species of the willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus).
It is unique to the British Isles and lives mostly on
a diet of heather (Calluna vulgaris). For over 150 years, moorland in Scotland has been managed
for red grouse-shooting. During this period, Scotland’s upland landscapes were transformed by the construction of access infrastructure, burning of heather moorland and the extermination of species such as white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), goshawk (Accipter gentilis) and red kite (Milvus milvus) through poisoning, trapping and shooting. The resultant heather moorlands that are sometimes regarded as an iconic part of the Scottish landscape are, in reality, highly modi ed habitats managed
to encourage high populations of one species, red grouse, that can be killed in the course
of recreational shooting.